The fourth and fifth assessment reports by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change have declared global warming to be “unequivocal” and anthropogenic drivers to be “extremely likely” as the dominant cause. These conclusions, expressed in cautious scientific language governed by strict criteria, need to serve as a clarion call for action – from urban communities to world bodies – to prepare for what is likely, and to prevent the worst from happening.

Climate adaptation and mitigation have been respectively called “managing the unavoidable” and “avoiding the unmanageable”.1 While individuals, communities and nations may understand that there are inherent costs to both climate action and inaction, developing a comprehensive, evidence-based, scientifically credible and risk-informed action framework is not straightforward…Continue Reading

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